Topic: Combatting International Terrorism – Enhancing Measures against Terrorist Attacks
Terrorism has been a global problem in the last decade, with islamist terrorist organisations most prominently gaining international attention through their widespread attacks in the last years. In the early 2000s, Al-Qaeda was responsible for several terrorist activities and smugglings, but the IS and its war on the western world has made it an ongoing problem. The IS, the successor of the ISIS and the most notorious islamist terrorist organisation in the world, has admitted itself to several attacks and bombings throughout the three years. Its aim is to create a radical Islamic state, which opposes the ideals of the Western world. By targeting Western countries, they want to wreak havoc, whilst ignoring other Islamic beliefs and thus only serving one goal – complete chaos. While declaring themselves a worldwide caliphate in its first instance, which ranged from 1999 to 2006, it has removed geographical mentions in 2014 and made itself an international terrorist organisation.
The bombings, such as 2016 in Brussels, Belgium and Ansbach, Germany have cost many people their lives, with more injured. Carefully planned armed assaults in 2015, like twice in Paris and in Copenhagen in 2015, have additionally caused hundreds of casualties, not mentioning the attack in Nice in July 2016, where almost hundred people died from the vehicular attack. The public press warfare and needed security measures have made the war against terrorism an international one, with the EU being the centre of the stage, due to the IS’ frequent European targets.
The European Union is a major factor in the fight against terrorism, with many council meetings revolving around measures on fighting terrorism. As of now, the EU has declared the fight against terrorist activities its highest priority, which underlines the importance of every meeting. Communication with other parties is critical, but so are the measures within the EU. These have already been declared as increased security and supervision, protection of civilians and action against these organisations. Even so, these plans have to be expanded upon and additional plans and measures are expected to follow.