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Executive Council of the African Union

Topic: Stabilizing and Improving Conditions in Failed States

Somalia, South Sudan, Chad, Syria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Yemen, Central African Republic and Sudan – what do these states have in common?

They are all categorized under “very high alert” in the 2016 Fragile State Report. Many more states in the Middle East and Africa are listed under “high alert” and “alert” – in fact, not a single African State is seen as “stable” or more. But what does that mean?

A fragile state is a state where the government is unable to maintain its monopoly on the legitimate use of force within its territory and fails to provide for the needs of its citizens, i.e. education, water supply and public infrastructure. Human rights violations can no longer be prevented by the government, or even are perpetrated by it.

There are several indicators that help to identify the level of fragility within a state. These can be divided into economic indicators, such as GDP, government debt, unemployment, poverty and the Gini-coefficient, and social indicators, such as migration, ethnic violence, pollution, water and food shortages as well as high mortality.

With Africa as a whole being the most fragile continent, the members of the African Union will have to confront their own shortcomings in order to establish a framework that seeks to stabilize and improve the living conditions for the citizens of fragile states.

The delegates will be representing the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of their respective countries.

 

 

Background Guide

Your Chairs:

  • Tim Degener

    „What I like about the UN is that it takes some of the ugly out of politics and I like MUNs best when …

    tim-degener-cropped
    Chair Executive Council of the African Union
  • Juliane Miller

    „Establishing a new UN body? Over my dead body!“ Age: young and sweet, only… eighteen Course of Studies: B.A. Politics and Law in …

    Juliane Miller
    Chair Executive Council of the African Union
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