Topic: The Human Rights Situation of Refugees and Stateless Persons
According to the Human Rights Council (HRC), human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever the nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or any other status. All people are equally entitled to human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible, which means that they cannot be taken away, that they affect each other and that they are interconnected. Therefore, ensuring human rights plays a key role in combatting inequality, establishing a functioning health care system, abolishing racism, eliminating sexism and providing security for all people across all borders.
Although human rights are often expressed and allegedly guaranteed by law, many times they are still at risk of being ignored. In consequence this leaves room for improvement. Especially people in humanitarian need, such as refugees and stateless persons should be given special attention and aid. For example, the 1993 Vienna World Conference on Human Rights noted that it is the duty of States to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms, regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems. On account of that statement we need to address the problems at hand by administering help where it is needed and eliminating the causes of global forced displacement and statelessness.
In 2015 over 65 million people were displaced from their homes by conflict and persecution. Of these, around 50% were children and adolescents under the age of 18. In the year 2016 these numbers are expected to be even higher due to the conflict in Syria, with approximately 4.5 million Syrian refugees alone stranded in the countries of Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt. The Human Rights Council faces the task of reducing these numbers through governmental and diplomatic influence.