Topic: Security Implications of Climate Change and Climate Migration
In the last decades, the Earth’s atmosphere is warming rapidly. One of the main causes is human activity. The UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicts that global warming will trigger enormous physical and social changes. These changes include rising sea levels, an increase in global rainfall, increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, increased rates of malaria and other disease changes and possibly large shifts in human migration patterns.
With the uncertainty and challenges that the scientific aspect of climate change brings with itself, the geopolitical consequences of a foreseeable water and food crisis is a matter that becomes part of the Security Council’s agenda. Its involvement is necessary in order to address the consequences of such a potential crisis to political, as well as social and economic levels that could develop into conflicts. Natural resources such as drinking water are likely to become more limited and natural disasters leave huge numbers of people traumatized without shelter, clean water and basic supplies. So migration, climate change and the environment are interrelated.
A milestone in international climate politics is the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, where the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was established. The UNFCCC is an international environmental treaty, which includes combating climate change by limiting average global temperature increases and the resulting climatic changes. However, the UNFCCC is not a binding treaty.
In this scenario, the SC is a mechanism of recognizing the interdependency in the matter of climate change. Especially when facing the fact that all aspects of it are interconnected and can sum up in a way that affects different nations in different ways. Recognizing this creates a path to communication and cooperation between the fifteen nations that compose the SC. The delegate’s task in this committee will be to look at the different aspects of the climate change and climate migration issue in order to find possible ways to avoid that the topic becomes a threat to international security.