A non-governmental organization (NGO) is any non-profit, voluntary citizens‘ group which is organized on a local, national or international level. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest, NGOs perform a variety of services and humanitarian functions, such as bringing citizen concerns to Governments, advocating and monitoring policies, and encouraging political participation through providing information. Some are organized around specific issues, such as human rights, environment or health. They provide analysis and expertise, serve as early warning mechanisms and help monitor and implement international agreements. Their relationship with offices and agencies of the United Nations system differs depending on their goals, their venue and the mandate of a particular institution.
How they interact with the UN
Non-governmental organizations have been active in the United Nations since its foundation. They interact with the UN Secretariat, programmes, funds and agencies, and they consult with the Member States. NGO work related to the UN comprises a number of activities including information dissemination, awareness raising, development education, policy advocacy, joint operational projects, and providing technical expertise and collaborating with UN agencies, programmes and funds. This work is undertaken in formal and informal ways at the national level and at the UN.
The selected interest groups are:
- Amnesty International
Through research and campaigning, Amnesty International helps to fight abuses of human rights worldwide. Mainly they try to bring human rights violations to justice, change oppressive laws and free people who used their right to voice their opinion.
- Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era (DAWN)
DAWN is dedicated to the protection of human rights, gender equality and minority rights, as well as to education and awareness raising related to the issues of the general social concern, non-violence, health and lifetime, and alternative education.
- Red Cross International
The work of the ICRC is based on the Geneva Conventions of 1949, their Additional Protocols, its Statutes those of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and the resolutions of the International Conferences of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. The ICRC is an independent, neutral organization ensuring humanitarian protection and assistance for victims of war and armed violence. It takes action in response to emergencies and promotes respect for international humanitarian law and its implementation in national law.
- Reporters Without Borders
Reporters Without Borders defends journalists and media assistants imprisoned or persecuted for doing their job and exposes the their mistreatment in many countries. The organization also fights against censorship and laws that undermine press freedom and tries to improve the safety of journalists, especially those reporting in war zones.
- Internet Society
The Internet Society wants to promote the open development, evolution, and use of the internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world. They tackle topics like “internet access for everyone” and “establishing rules for international use of the internet”.
How to interact at MainMUN
At MainMUN you will be able to participate in every committee with the possibility to observe, interact with delegates in committee and cooperate with the press. Your task as a delegate representing an NGO is to influence the debate about topics related to your NGO and try to get your positions covered in the resolutions.